Hahoe and Yangdong Villages, founded in the 14th-15th centuries, are viewed as the two most representative historical family towns in the Republic of Korea.
Their design and location - sheltered by forested mountains and facing out onto a river and open farming fields-- reflect the distinctive aristocratic Confucian culture of the early part of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910).
The towns were located to provide both spiritual and physical nourishment from their surrounding landscapes.
They consist of residences of the head families, together with significant lumber framed houses of other clan members.
Also, you will discover traditional Korean structures, study halls, Confucian academies for learning, and clusters of one story mud-walled, thatched-roofed houses, previously for citizens.
The landscapes, blue mountains, forests, streams, and brooks around the town, framed in views from retreats and structures, were celebrated for their beauty by 18th and 17th-century poets.
Hahoe and Yangdong villages are located in the south-eastern part of the Korean peninsula. The area was considered the heartland of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). Joseon ruled the Korean Peninsula for more than five hundred years.
Safeguarded by forested mountains and facing out onto rivers and open farming fields, Hahoe and Yangdong landscape settings are thought to be the two most representative historical villages occupied by particular families.
The two villages were founded in the 14th-15th century and consequently broadened to their present size and structure in the late 18th and 19th centuries.
Their design and siting, reflect the distinct stylish Confucian culture of the early part of the Joseon Dynasty.
The towns were located to supply both spiritual and physical nutrition from their surrounding landscapes.
They consist of the residences of the head families, together with considerable timber-framed homes of other clan members, likewise pavilions, study halls, Confucian academies for learning, and clusters of one floor mud-walled, thatched-roofed houses, previously for commoners.
The spiky blue mountains, trees, and water around the villages, framed in views from retreats and structures, were common themes for their beauty by 18th and 17th-century poets.
Within the two towns, the outstanding ensembles of buildings, their planning, siting and structure customs, are exceptional reflections of the cultural and social systems of the Joseon Dynasty, of the particular distinct system of clan villages that specifies to this location, and of the method, these progressed over five centuries.
Hahoe and Yangdong are 2 of the very best-preserved and representative examples of clan villages, a kind of settlement characterizing the early part of the Joseon Dynasty.
In their preparation, siting, and building traditions, the two towns are remarkable symbols to the Confucianism of the Joseon dynasty. The Dynasty maintained settlements that followed rigorous Confucian practices over some five hundred years.
Hahoe and Yangdong show the impact of the Joseon Dynasty that profoundly influenced the development of the Korean peninsula over some five centuries.
The towns, and especially the structures of yangban and citizens' houses, and their general and individual planning, show the precepts of this Dynasty in terms of its social structures and cultural traditions, in addition to its power and influence and its literary, and philosophical customs.
The primary characteristics of the clan village, such as houses of the nobility and commoners, formal spatial design, study halls, and academies, are present within the chosen limits of both communities.
The Byeongsanseowon Confucian Academy is around 4km to the east of Hahoe. In Yangdong town, the Oksanseowon and Donggangseowon Confucian Academies are some 8km and 4km respectively from the town.
The unified landscape setting, including the river, forests, and mountain that influenced authors, is present in Hahoe Village, although partly in the buffer zone.
The property does not experience other than minimal unfavorable impacts of development and has not suffered from disregard.
However, due to some environmental and facility developments, such as bridges, roads, and railways, the setting and original environment of Yangdong Village could have been changed in some respects.
Still, the Hahoe and Yangdong Villages is worth a visit to learn how Korean people lived in the past and experience a peaceful and rustic life in the countryside.
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